Pic_Ciufolini
Ignazio Ciufolini

Ciufolini with LARES
Ignazio Ciufolini with LARES satellite

LARES Team
Ignazio Ciufolini with Antonio Paolozzi and the LARES team of Sapienza University.

Ignazio Ciufolini (born in Rome, Italy)

Italian physicist active in the field of gravitational physics, General Relativity and space research.

He graduated 'Magna cum Laude' in 1980 at Sapienza University of Rome and awarded the PhD degree in Physics in 1984 at University of Texas at Austin. His PhD committee was composed by John Archibald Wheeler, Richard Matzner, Steven Weinberg (Nobel prize of physics 1979), Bryce DeWitt, and Larry Shepley.

From 1982 to 1988 he worked at University of Texas at Austin as teaching assistant, research associate and lecturer (faculty member of the Univ. of Texas at Austin).

From 1999 he is Associate Professor of General Physics at University of Salento (Italy), with habilitation for Full Professor (General Physics) from 2014. He is also member of Centro Fermi, Rome (Italy).

He is the author of about 200 scientific papers and academic books on General Relativity, published with the top world experts on gravitational phyiscs and General Relativity, such as John Archibald Wheeler and Roger Penrose.

He collaborated with John Archibald Wheeler, with whom in 1995 wrote the book Gravitation and Inertia (the book awarded the USA Association of American Publishers' PROSE Award as the best 1995 professional and scholar book in physics and astronomy).

Between 1992 and 1998 he has been a member of the international ESA-NASA team for the study of a space experiment for detection of gravitational waves using an orbiting laser interferometer, that lead to the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) project. Link

He works mainly in the field of General Relativity and Gravitational Physics. He proposed also a method to measure the effects of gravitomagnetism using the data from the laser ranged satellites LAGEOS and LAGEOS-2.

Ignazio Ciufolini is the Principal Investigator and the proposer of two space missions: LAser RElativity Satellite (LARES), a satellite successfully launched in February 2012 by ESA (the European Space Agency) and LARES II, to be launched in 2019/2020 by ESA. Both satellites, funded by ASI (the Italian Space Agency), are aimed to test Einstein's theory of General Relativity.

For his works in the fields of gravitational physics and General Relativity Ignazio Ciufolini was awarded in London the 2010 International  Occhialini Prize and Medal of the UK Institute of Physics (IOP) and the Italian Physical Society (SIF), and the 2001 International Tomassoni-Chisesi Award for Physics of Sapienza, University of Rome.


Main Honours and Awards

2010: International Occhialini Prize and Medal of the UK Institute of Physics (IOP) and the Italian Physical S ociety (SIF) for "providing further experimental confirmation of Einstein's theory of General Relativity through the use of laser-ranged satellites to study and measure frame-dragging"

2007: Cover of the 6th September 2007 issue (n. 449) of Nature dedicated to his review paper on Dragging of Inertial Frames and General Relativity.

2001: International Tomassoni-Chisesi Award for Physics of Sapienza, University of Rome. The prize is awarded to recognize and encourage outstanding achievements in physics; other recipients of the international prize were, among the others, Edward Norton Lorenz, pioneer of Chaos Theory, and Gabriele Veneziano, one of the pioneers of String Theory.

1996: Award of the US ‘American Association of Publishers’ ( PROSE Award ) as author (with John A. Wheeler) of the best 1995 professional and scholar book in physics and astronomy (Gravitation and Inertia, Princeton University Press).



20 Selected Publications

I. Ciufolini and J. Wheeler, "Gravitation and Inertia", Princeton University Press, (1995). Cited (15 May 2015), e.g., by Scholar Google, 666 times.

I. Ciufolini and E. C. Pavlis, “A Confirmation of the General Relativistic Prediction of the Lense-Thirring Effect”, Nature, 431, 958-960 (2004). Cited (15 May 2015), e.g., by Scholar Google, 343 times.

I. Ciufolini, et al., "Measurement of the Lense-Thirring Effect with Two Laser Ranged Satellites Orbiting Earth", Science, 279, 2100-2103 (1998). Cited (15 May 2015), e.g., by Scholar Google, 225 times.

I. Ciufolini, "Measurement of the Lense-Thirring Effect on Lageos and Another High Altitude Laser Ranged Artificial Satellite", Physical Review Letters, 56, 278-281 (1986). Cited (15 May 2015), e.g., by Scholar Google, 216 times.

I. Ciufolini, “Dragging of Inertial Frames”, Nature, 449, 41-47 (2007).

I. Ciufolini, with B. Bertotti and P. Bender, "New Test of General Relativity: Measurement of the De Sitter Effect", Physical Review Letters, 58, 1062-65 (1987).

I. Ciufolini, "Generalized geodesic deviation equation", Physical Review D, 34, 1014-17 (1986).

I. Ciufolini and M. Demianski, "How to measure the curvature of space-time", Physical Review D, 34, 1018-20 (1986).

I. Ciufolini, "A Comprehensive Introduction to the Lageos Gravitomagnetic Experiment, from the Importance of the Gravitomagnetic Field in Physics to a Preliminary Error Budget", Int. Journ. of Phys. A, 4, 3083-3145 (1989).

I. Ciufolini and F. Ricci, “Time delay due to spin and gravitational lensing”, Classical and Quantum Gravity, 19, 3863–3874 (2002).

I. Ciufolini and F. Ricci, "Time delay due to spin inside a rotating shell", Classical and Quantum Gravity, 19, 3875-3881 (2002).

I. Ciufolini, S Kopeikin, B Mashhoon and F Ricci, “On the Gravitomagnetic Time Delay”, Physics Letters A, 308, 101-109 (2003).

I. Ciufolini, E. C. Pavlis and R. Peron, “Determination of frame-dragging using Earth gravity models from CHAMP and GRACE”, New Astronomy, 11, 527-550 (2006).

I. Ciufolini, “Frame-Dragging, Gravitomagnetism and Lunar Laser Ranging”, New Astronomy, 15, 332-337, 2010.

Ignazio Ciufolini, “General Relativity and Dragging of Inertial Frames”, in “General Relativity: The most beautiful of Theories, Applications and trends after 100 years”, Centennial Jubilee Volume of General Relativity, ed. C. Rovelli 125-162 (De Gruyter, January 2015). http://www.degruyter.com/view/product/247618

Ignazio Ciufolini, “One Hundred Years of General Relativity, Einstein’s Gravitational Theory and Its Observational Triumph”, Il Nuovo Saggiatore, 31, n.6 (2015).

Ignazio Ciufolini, Antonio Paolozzi, Erricos C. Pavlis, Rolf Koenig, John Ries, Vahe Gurzadyan, Richard Matzner, Roger Penrose, Giampiero Sindoni, Claudio Paris, Harutyun Khachatryan and Sergey Mirzoyan “A test of general relativity using the LARES and LAGEOS satellites and a GRACE Earth gravity model. Measurement of Earth’s dragging of inertial frames”, The European Physical Journal C, 76:120 (2016).

Ignazio Ciufolini, Antonio Paolozzi, Erricos C.Pavlis, Giampiero Sindoni, Rolf Koenig, John C.Ries, Richard Matzner, Vahe Gurzadyan, Roger Penrose, David Rubincam and Claudio Paris, A new laser-ranged satellite for General Relativity and space geodesy: I. An introduction to the LARES 2 space experiment, The European Physical Journal Plus, 132: 336 (2017).

Ignazio Ciufolini, Erricos C. Pavlis, Giampiero Sindoni, John C. Ries, Antonio Paolozzi, Richard Matzner, Rolf Koenig and Claudio Paris, A new laser-ranged satellite for General Relativity and space geodesy: II. Monte Carlo simulations and covariance analyses of the LARES 2 experiment, The European Physical Journal Plus, 132: 337 (2017).

Ignazio Ciufolini, Richard Matzner, Vahe Gurzadyan and Roger Penrose, A new laser-ranged satellite for General Relativity and Space Geodesy III. De Sitter effect and the LARES 2 space experiment, The European Physical Journal C 77:819 (2017).

See also:
P. Bender, A. Brillet, I. Ciufolini, et al., LISA Laser Interferometer Space Antenna for the detection and observation of gravitational waves: Pre-Phase A Report, Max-Planck Institut (1998) at: http://lisa.nasa.gov/documentation.html. (see also: K. Danzmann et al., "LISA, Laser Interferometer Space Antenna for Gravitational Waves measurements", Class. Quantum Grav. 13, A 247 (1996)).


Complete list of publications (up to 2018):
PDF

Invited Talks at International Meetings (up to 2018): PDF



Contacts:

ignazio.ciufolini@unile.it
ignazio.ciufolini@gmail.com